Steven Roddy blogged on the RSPB website that “The next few months will be crucial as the European Union debates a change to EU biofuels law. We know how to fix this problem in a way that will stop the harm being done to nature and the climate, while still allowing innovative industries to bring new, genuinely beneficial, technologies to the market.”
The Green Party has been saying this all along. Jean Lambert commented on the Climate and energy package back in 2009: “The adoption this week of the new climate and energy package has been hailed as ‘historic’ by some, but it remains to be seen how history will judge this week’s vote. … I sincerely believe that if it were not for the very strong presence of Green MEPs in the intense negotiation process the package may have completely derailed and the outcomes would have been much weaker.”
On 10 March 2013, Molly Scott Cato, the Green Party’s top candidate for the south-west in the 2014 European Elections stated “The decision by MPs to continue to offer subsidies to crops that can be burned in power stations to create electricity is quite irrational and will cause more environmental harm than good. … The fundamental problem arises because the government is allowing subsidies for industrial scale burning of biofuels, yet setting a low rate for the Feed in Tariff for new domestic and small-scale generators. This encourages the global market in biofuels rather than supporting local community renewables development. Read more here: http://southwest.greenparty.org.uk/news.html/2013/03/10/biofuel-subsidies-irrational-top-euro-green/
Why do Greens oppose biofuels? In order to satisfy the world’s insatiable demand for fuel in the face of declining oil output and rising oil prices, huge areas of land are being turned over to growing fuel crops. It is simply not possible to meet current demand for fuel oil with biofuels – there isn’t enough land. Growing fuel crops in the absence of a determined push to reduce fuel use can only lead to biofuels being used as well as oil, leading to greater carbon emissions.
The growing demand for biofuels is leading to massive clearances of land including tropical rain forest, as is currently happening in Indonesia, resulting in the choking smogs of Singapore. These clearances will lead to the total destruction of rainforest unless strong action is taken. With rising demand and high profits to be earned, we cannot hope for sufficient strong action to protect this vital ecosystem.
In addition thousands of small farmers, the mainstay of local food production, are being forced off the land to make way for industrial scale biofuel plantations. This will lead directly to the collapse of local food markets and therefore yet more hunger. Diverting land from food to fuel is simply wrong and is leading to rising global food prices. This leads to big profits for food companies and starvation for millions.
A final objection to biofuels is that, on the back of the drive for more fuel crops rides a drive to use GM crops. This is happening in Argentina, where the Government has been persuaded to embrace GM technology and in its drive to get into the biofuel market. GM crops will become established in global agriculture, contaminating the whole human food chain with completely unknown consequences. We also suspect that the biggest drive to develop biofuels is coming from the military, who fully understand the consequences of peak oil.
Every year the UK burns enough food crops in our cars to feed 15 million people. Following action from the IF campaign, for the first time ever, land grabs were put on the G8 agenda. Trial partnerships with a small number of developing countries were also agreed, which show progress towards preventing land grabs that leave poor people hungry. Development Minister Justine Greening also spoke for the first time about biofuels affecting food security.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds say – “Using food for fuel when millions of people are starving is wrong. But it’s not just people who are suffering because of the global demand for biofuels, nature is too. What you may not realise is that the UK’s landscape is also changing and our green and pleasant land is becoming covered in ever more yellow rape-seed oil.”
How you can help – A key parliamentary committee, the Environment Committee, will be voting on the biofuels issue on Wednesday 10th July. The RSPB are asking people to email or write to their MEPs about these concerns. Read more and take action on the RSPB Community website: http://clicks.dbgi.co.uk/DC/ctr.aspx?6C6164=31393033303233&736272=$$EfwYGGq81T08EEE&747970=6874&66=30
Green policy does recognise that biofuels can play a limited part in the supply of liquid fuels in a post oil world, but they must be from either certifiable sustainable crops grown close to the point of use, or be from non-recyclable waste.